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As I Remember It: Teachings (Ɂəms tɑɁɑw) from the Life of a Sliammon Elder

Additional Readings

Getting Ready to Learn, Getting Ready to Teach / Territory / Colonialism / Community / Wellness

 

Getting Ready to Learn, Getting Ready to Teach

Cultural Humility and Cross-Cultural Education

First Nations Health Authority. #itstartswithme: FNHA’s Policy Statement on Cultural Safety and Humility. Coast Salish Territory (West Vancouver, BC): First Nations Health Authority, 2016. http://www.fnha.ca/Documents/FNHA-Policy-Statement-Cultural-Safety-and-Humility.pdf.

—. “Cultural Safety and Cultural Humility Webinars.” Coast Salish Territory (West Vancouver, BC): First Nations Health Authority, 2016–17. http://www.fnha.ca/wellness/cultural-humility/webinars.

Greenwood, Margo. “Modelling Change and Cultural Safety: A Case Study in Northern British Columbia Health System Transformation.” Healthcare Management Forum 32, 1 (2018): 11-14. https://doi.org/10.1177/0840470418807948.

National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. Their Voices Will Guide Us: Student and Youth Engagement. Vancouver: National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, 2017. http://www.mmiwg-ffada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/NIMMIWG-THEIR-VOICES-WILL-GUIDE-US.pdf.

Pearson, Christina Joanne. “First Nations Parent Involvement in the Public School System: The Personal Journey of a School Principal.” PhD diss., University of British Columbia, 2007. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/31452.

Prest, Anita. “Cross-Cultural Understanding: The Role of Rural School-Community Music Education Partnerships.” Research Studies in Music Education, January 2019. https://doi.org/10.1177/1321103X18804280.

Unsettling Histories and Pedagogies

Absolon, Kathleen E. (Minogiizhigokwe). Kaandossiwin: How We Come to Know. Black Point, NS: Fernwood Publishing, 2011.

Archibald, Jo-ann. Indigenous Storywork: Educating the Heart, Mind, Body, and Spirit. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.

Barman, Jean. “Schooled for Inequality: The Education of British Columbia Aboriginal Children.” In Children, Teachers and Schools in the History of British Columbia, edited by Jean Barman and Mona Gleason, 55-80. Edmonton: Brush Education, 2003.

Battiste, Marie. “Reconciling Indigenous Knowledge in Education: Promises, Possibilities, and Imperatives.” In Dissident Knowledge in Higher Education, ed. Marc Spooner and James McNinch, 123-148. Regina: University of Regina Press, 2018.

—. “The Struggle and Renaissance of Indigenous Knowledge in Eurocentric Education.” In Indigenous Knowledge and Education: Sites of Struggle, Strength, and Survivance, Harvard Education Review Reprint Series No. 44, ed. Malia Villegas, Sabina Rak Neugebauer, and Kerry R. Venegas, 85-91. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Educational Review, 2007.

Dion, Susan D. Braiding Histories: Learning from Aboriginal Peoples’ Experiences and Perspectives. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.

Manuel, Arthur, and Grand Chief Ronald M. Derrickson. Unsettling Canada: A National Wake-Up Call. Toronto: Between the Lines, 2015.

Regan, Paulette. Unsettling the Settler Within: Indian Residential Schools, Truth Telling, and Reconciliation in Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010.

Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake. “Land as Pedagogy: Nishnaabeg Intelligence and Rebellious Transformation.” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education and Society 3, 3 (2014): 1-25.

Stanley, Timothy J. “White Supremacy and the Rhetoric of Educational Indoctrination.” In Children, Teachers and Schools in the History of British Columbia, ed. Jean Barman and Mona Gleason, 113-32. Edmonton: Brush Education, 2003.

Talaga, Tanya. Seven Fallen Feathers: Racism, Death, and Hard Truths in a Northern City. Toronto: House of Anansi, 2017.

Reading, Writing and Talking about Indigenous Peoples

King, Thomas. The Truth about Stories: A Native Narrative. Toronto: House of Anansi, 2003.

Mihesuah, Devon Abbott. So You Want to Write about American Indians? A Guide for Writers, Students, and Scholars. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005.

Raibmon, Paige. “How to Talk about Relations between Indigenous Peoples and Europeans.” The Tyee, September 28, 2018. https://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2018/09/28/Relations-Indigenous-Peoples-Europeans/.

Vowel, Chelsea. Indigenous Writes: A Guide to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Issues in Canada. Winnipeg: Highwater, 2016.

Wheeler, Winona. “Reflections on the Social Relations of Indigenous Oral Histories.” In Walking on a Tightrope: Aboriginal People and Their Representations, ed. Ute Lischke and David T. McNab, 189-213. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2005.

Younging, Gregory. Elements of Indigenous Style: A Guide for Writing By and About Indigenous Peoples. Edmonton: Brush Education, 2018.

Indigenous Digital Literacies

Adelson, Naomi, and Michelle Olding. “Narrating Aboriginality On-Line: Digital Storytelling, Identity and Healing.” Journal of Community Informatics 9, 2 (2012). http://ci-journal.net/index.php/ciej/article/view/740.

Brown, Deidre, and George Nicholas. “Protecting Indigenous Cultural Property in the Age of Digital Democracy: Institutional and Communal Responses to Canadian First Nations and Māori Heritage Concerns.” Journal of Material Culture 17, 3 (2012): 307-24. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359183512454065.

Christen, Kimberly. “Relationships, Not Records: Digital Heritage and the Ethics of Sharing Indigenous Knowledge Online.” In The Routledge Companion to Media Studies and Digital Humanities, ed. Jentery Sayers, 403-12. New York: Routledge, 2018.

Cullen, Darcy, and Allan Bell. “The Social Text and Networked Knowledge: New Modes of Scholarly Book Publishing in Indigenous Studies.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 49, 2 (2018): 193-212. https://doi.org/10.3138/jsp.49.2.193.

Corbett, Jon, and Tim Kulchyski. “Anti Social-Computing: Indigenous Language, Digital Video and Intellectual Property.” Participatory Learning and Action 59, 1 (2009): 52-58.

Fish, Adam. “Indigenous Digital Media and the History of the Internet on the Columbia Plateau.” Journal of Northwest Anthropology 45, 1 (2011): 91-114.

Gaertner, David. “Indigenous in Cyberspace: CyberPowWow, God’s Lake Narrows, and the Contours of Online Indigenous Territory.” American Indian Culture and Research Journal 39, 4 (2015): 55-78. https://doi.org/10.17953/aicrj.39.4.gaertner.

Shield, Alix. “Rethinking the Paratext: Digital Story-Mapping E. Pauline Johnson’s and Chief Joe & Mary Capilano’s Legends of Vancouver (1911).” BC Studies 197 (2018): 107-21. https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i197.189763.

Settler Allyship: Decolonization and Reconciliation in Canada

Manuel, Arthur, and Grand Chief Ronald Derrickson, The Reconciliation Manifesto: Recovering the Land, Building the Economy. Toronto: Lorimer, 2017.

Montreal Urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network. “Indigenous Ally Toolkit.” n.d. https://gallery.mailchimp.com/86d28ccd43d4be0cfc11c71a1/files/102bf040-e221-4953-a9ef-9f0c5efc3458/Ally_email.pdf.

Tagala, Tanya. All Our Relations: Finding the Path Forward. Toronto: House of Anansi, 2018.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future: Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Ottawa: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, 2015. http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.800288/publication.html.

Tuck, Eve, and K. Wayne Yang. “Decolonization is Not a Metaphor.” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education and Society 1, 1 (2012): 1-40.

Wallace, Rick. Merging Fires: Grassroots Peacebuilding between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Peoples. Winnipeg: Fernwood, 2013.

Indigenous Teachings, Traditions, and Ways of Knowing

Aleck, Celestine. Coast Salish Series. Nanaimo, BC: Strong Nations, 2016.

Alfred, Taiaiake. Wasáse: Indigenous Pathways of Action and Freedom. Peterborough, ON: Broadview, 2005.

Anderson, Kim. Life Stages and Native Women: Memory, Teachings, and Story Medicine. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2011.

—. A Recognition of Being: Reconstructing Native Womanhood. Toronto: Sumach, 2000.

Atleo, Umeek (E. Richard). Principles of Tsawalk: An Indigenous Approach to Global Crisis. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012.

—. Tsawalk: A Nuu-chah-nulth Worldview. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004.

Borrows, John. Drawing Out Law: A Spirit’s Guide. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.

Doerfler, Jill, Heidi Kiiwetinepinesiik Stark, and Niigaanwewidam James Sinclair, eds. Centering Anishinaabeg Studies: Understanding the World through Stories. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2013.

Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake. As We Have Always Done: Indigenous Freedom Through Radical Resistance. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2017.

&mdash. Dancing on Our Turtle’s Back: Stories of Nishnaabeg Re-creation, Resurgence, and a New Emergence. Winnipeg: Arbeiter Ring, 2011.

Turner, Nancy J. The Earth’s Blanket: Traditional Teachings for Sustainable Living. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 2005.

Wilson, Shawn. Research Is Ceremony: Indigenous Research Methods. Black Point, NS: Fernwood, 2009.

Decolonizing Methodologies

Ball, Jessica, and Pauline Janyst. “Enacting Research Ethics in Partnerships with Indigenous Communities in Canada: ‘Do it in a Good Way.’” Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 3, 2 (2008): 33-51. https://doi.org/10.1525/jer.2008.3.2.33.

Brown, Lesley, and Susan Strega, eds. Research as Resistance: Critical, Indigenous, and Anti-oppressive Approaches. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2005.

Chilisa, Bagele. Indigenous Research Methodologies. Los Angeles: Sage, 2012.

Denzin, Norman K., Yvonna S. Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai Smith. Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies. Los Angeles: Sage, 2008.

Kovach, Margaret. Indigenous Methodologies: Characteristics, Conversations, and Contexts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.

Kuokkanen, Rauna. Reshaping the University: Responsibility, Indigenous Epistemes, and the Logic of the Gift. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2007.

Mihesuah, Devon Abbott, and Angela Cavender Wilson, eds. Indigenizing the Academy: Transforming Scholarship and Empowering Communities. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

Smith, Linda Tuhiwai. “The Art of the Impossible: Defining and Measuring Indigenous Research.” In Dissident Knowledge in Higher Education, ed. Marc Spooner and James McNinch, 21-40. Regina: University of Regina Press, 2018.

—. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. London: Zed Books, 1999.

Waziyatawin, and Michael Yellow Bird, eds. For Indigenous Minds Only: A Decolonization Handbook. Santa Fe, NM: School for Advanced Research Press, 2012.

Wilson, Waziyatawin Angela, and Michael Yellow Bird, eds. For Indigenous Eyes Only: A Decolonization Handbook. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 2005.

 

Territory

Ethnohistorical and Archaeological Literature on ɬaʔamɩn

Barnett, Homer. The Coast Salish of British Columbia. Eugene: University of Oregon Press, 1955.

Clapperton, Jonathan. “Desolate Viewscapes: Sliammon First Nation, Desolation Sound Marine Park and Environmental Narratives.” Environment and History 18, 4 (2012): 529-59. https://doi.org/10.3197/096734012X13466893037107.

—. “Indigenous Ecological Knowledge and the Politics of Postcolonial Writing,” in “Environmental Knowledge, Environmental Politics: Case Studies from Canada and Western Europe,” ed. Jonathan Clapperton and Liza Piper, RCC Perspectives: Transformations in Environment and Society 2016/4 (2016): 9-16. https://doi.org/10.5282/rcc/7691.

Kennedy, Dorothy, and Randy Bouchard. Sliammon Life, Sliammon Lands. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 1983.

McKenzie, Davis. “Righting Past Wrongs: Restoring Toh Kwon_non.” Neh Motl, September 1, 2005, 1-2.

Patrick, Lyana Marie. “Storytelling in the Fourth World: Explorations in Meaning of Place and Tla’amin Resistance to Dispossession.” MA thesis, University of Victoria, 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/1828/498.

Paul, Elsie, with Paige Raibmon and Harmony Johnson. Written as I Remember It: Teachings (Ɂəms tɑɁɑw) from the Life of a Sliammon Elder. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2014.

Washington, Siemthlut Michelle. “Bringing Traditional Teachings to Leadership.” American Indian Quarterly 28, 3/4 (2004): 583-603.

Archaeological Literature on ɬaʔamɩn

Caldwell, Megan E., Dana Lepofsky, Georgia Combes, Michelle Washington, John R. Welch, and John R. Harper, “A Bird’s Eye View of Northern Coast Salish Intertidal Resource Management Features, Southern British Columbia, Canada.” Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 7, 2 (2012): 219-33. https://doi.org/10.1080/15564894.2011.586089.

Jackley, Julia. “Weaving the Histories of Klehkwahnnohm: A Tla’amin Community in Southwest British Columbia.” MA thesis, Simon Fraser University, 2011.

Jackley, Julia, Dana Lepofsky, John R. Welch, Megan Caldwell, Chris Springer, Morgan Ritchie, Craig Rust, and Michelle Washington. “Tla’amin-SFU Archaeology Heritage Program 2009.” The Midden 41, 4 (2009): 5-7. https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/midden/article/view/15589.

Johnson, Sarah. “Combining Traditional Knowledge with Archaeological Investigation in Grace Harbour, Desolation Sound, BC.” MA thesis, Simon Fraser University, 2010.

Lepofsky, Dana. “‘Everybody Loves Archaeology’: Bridging Communities through Archaeological Research.” SAA Archaeological Record 11, 5 (2011): 17-20.

Simon Fraser University and Sliammon First Nation. “Tla’amin and Simon Fraser University Heritage and Archaeology Project.” http://www.sliammonfirstnation.com/archaeology/.

Springer, Chris, Megan Caldwell, and Nyra Chalmer. “Houses, Settlements and the Intertidal: Simon Fraser University 2010 Field School in Tla’amin First Nation Territory.” The Midden 42, 4 (2010): 7-9. https://journals.uvic.ca/index.php/midden/article/view/15545.

Welch, John R., Dana Lepofsky, Megan Caldwell, Georgia Combes, and Craig Rust. “Treasure Bearers: Personal Foundations for Effective Leadership In Northern Coast Salish Heritage Stewardship.” Heritage and Society 4, 1 (2011): 83-114. https://doi.org/10.1179/hso.2011.4.1.83.

Welch, John R., Dana Lepofsky, and Michelle Washington. “Assessing Collaboration with the Sliammon First Nation in a Community-Based Heritage Research and Stewardship Program.” Archaeological Review from Cambridge 26, 2 (2011): 171-91.

Historical Literature on Coast Salish Peoples and Places

Barman, Jean. Stanley Park’s Secrets: The Forgotten Families of Whoi Whoi, Kanaka Ranch and Brockton Point. Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Publishing, 2005.

Bierwert, Crisca. Brushed by Cedar, Living by the River: Coast Salish Figures of Power. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1999.

Carlson, Keith Thor. The Power of Place, the Problem of Time: Aboriginal Identity and Historical Consciousness in the Cauldron of Colonialism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.

Harmon, Alexandra. Indians in the Making: Ethnic Relations and Indian Identities around Puget Sound. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Miller, Bruce Granville, ed. Be of Good Mind: Essays on the Coast Salish. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2007.

—. The Problem of Justice: Tradition and Law in the Coast Salish World. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001.

Miller, Jay. Lushootseed Culture and the Shamanic Odyssey: An Anchored Radiance. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

Oliver, Jeff. Landscapes and Social Transformations on the Northwest Coast: Colonial Encounters in the Fraser Valley. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2010.

Roy, Susan. These Mysterious People: Shaping History and Archaeology in a Northwest Coast Community. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2010.

Suttles, Wayne Prescott. Coast Salish Essays. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 1987.

Thrush, Coll. Native Seattle: Histories from the Crossing-Over Place. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2007.

Settler Histories of Powell River

Lambert, Barbara Ann, ed. Old-Time Stories: Billy-Goat Smith, Powell River Co. Xmas, Mr. Dippie and Others. Victoria, BC: Trafford, 2006.

—, ed. Powell River 100: The Largest Single Site Newsprint Manufacturer in the World. Victoria, BC: Trafford, 2009.

—, ed. Rusty Nails and Ration Books: Great Depression and WWII Memories, 1929–1945. Victoria: Trafford, 2002.

Levez, Emma. People of the White City: Stories from the Powell River Mill. Powell River, BC: NorskeCanada, 2002.

Powell River News. Powell River’s First 50 Years. Powell River, BC: Powell River News, 1960.

Southern, Karen, and Peggy Bird. Pulp, Paper and People: 75 Years of Powell River. Powell River, BC: Powell River Heritage Association, 1988.

Thompson, G.W. Once upon a Stump: Times and Tales of Powell River Pioneers. Power River, BC: Powell River Heritage Association, 1993.

“Townsite Turns 100.” Powell River Living. July 2010. http://www.prliving.ca/media/pdfs/Issue1007.pdf.

Literature on Indigenous “Told-To” Histories and Life Histories

The literature on Indigenous “told-to” histories is vast. The following two works provide a sense of the early directions and recent developments, respectively, in critical analysis of told-to narratives:

Bataille, Gretchen M., and Kathleen Mullen Sands. American Indian Women: Telling Their Lives. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

McCall, Sophie. First Person Plural: Aboriginal Storytelling and the Ethics of Collaborative Authorship. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2011.

“Told-To” Narratives and Autobiographies about Coast Salish Women

Bolton, Rena Point, as told by Richard Daly. Xwelíqwiya: The Life of a Stó:lō Matriarch. Athabasca, AB: Athabaska University Press, 2013.

Hillaire, Pauline R. Rights Remembered: A Salish Grandmother Speaks on American Indian History and the Future. Edited by Gregory P. Fields. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2016.

Maracle, Lee. Bobbi Lee: Indian Rebel. Rev. ed. Toronto: Women’s Press, 1990. First published 1975.

Mailhot, Terese Marie. Heart Berries: A Memoir. Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 2018.

Peter, Susie Sampson. Aunt Susie Sampson Peter: The Wisdom of a Skagit Elder. Transcribed by Vi Hilbert. Translated by Vi Hilbert and Jay Miller. Recorded by Leon Metcalf. Seattle: Lushootseed Press, 1995.

Shelton, Gram Ruth Sehome. The Wisdom of a Tulalip Elder. Transcribed by Vi Hilbert. Translated by Vi Hilbert and Jay Miller. Recorded by Leon Metcalf. Seattle: Lushootseed Press, 1995.

“Told-To” Narratives about Coast Salish Men

Baker, Simon. Khot-La-Cha: The Autobiography of Chief Simon Baker. Compiled and edited by Verna J. Kirkness. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1994.

Pennier, Henry. Call Me Hank: A Stó:lõ Man’s Reflections on Logging, Living, and Growing Old. 2nd ed. Edited by Keith Thor Carlson and Kristina Fagan. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. First published 1972.

Individual Indigenous Women’s “Told-To” Narratives

Alfred, Agnes. Paddling to Where I Stand: Agnes Alfred, Qwiqwasu’tinuxw Noblewoman. Edited by Martine J. Reid. Translated by Daisy Sewid-Smith. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004.

Blackman, Margaret B. During My Time: Florence Edenshaw Davidson, A Haida Woman. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982.

Harris, LaDonna. LaDonna Harris: A Comanche Life. Edited by H. Henrietta Stockel. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

Moran, Bridget. Stoney Creek Woman: The Story of Mary John. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1988.

Mountain Wolf Woman. Mountain Wolf Woman, Sister of Crashing Thunder: The Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian. Edited by Nancy Oestreich Lurie. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1961.

Mourning Dove. Mourning Dove: A Salishan Autobiography. Edited by Jay Miller. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1990.

Red Shirt, Delphine. Turtle Lung Woman’s Granddaughter. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002.

Snell, Alma Hogan. Grandmother’s Grandchild: My Crow Indian Life. Edited by Becky Matthews. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

Underhill, Ruth M. Papago Woman. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1979.

Wiebe, Rudy, and Yvonne Johnson. Stolen Life: The Journey of a Cree Woman. Toronto: Vintage Canada, 1999.

Individual Indigenous Men’s “Told-To” Narratives

Assu, Harry, and Joy Inglis. Assu of Cape Mudge: Recollections of a Coastal Indian Chief. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1989.

Bird, Louis. Telling Our Stories: Omushkego Legends and Histories from Hudson Bay. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2005.

Blue Spruce, George, Jr., as told to Deanne Durrett. Searching for My Destiny. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

Mihesuah, Henry. First to Fight. Edited by Devon Abbott Mihesuah. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002.

Nowell, Charles James, and Clellan S. Ford. Smoke from Their Fires: The Life of a Kwakiutl Chief. Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1968. First published 1941.

Rios, Theodore, and Kathleen Mullen Sands. Telling a Good One: The Process of a Native American Collaborative Biography. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

Robinson, Harry. Living by Stories: A Journey of Landscape and Memory. Compiled and edited by Wendy Wickwire. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 2005.

—. Nature Power: In the Spirit of an Okanagan Storyteller. Compiled and edited by Wendy Wickwire. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 2004.

—. Write It on Your Heart: The Epic World of an Okanagan Storyteller. Compiled and edited by Wendy Wickwire. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 1989.

Sewid, James. Guests Never Leave Hungry: The Autobiography of James Sewid, a Kwakiutl Indian. Edited by James P. Spradley. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1969.

Wilson, Waziyaṭawiŋ Angela. Remember This! Dakota Decolonization and the Eli Taylor Narratives. Translated by Waḣp̣etuŋwiŋ Carolynn Schommer. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005.

 

Colonialism

Epidemic Diseases in the Northwest Coast

Boyd, Robert T. The Coming of the Spirit of Pestilence: Introduced Infectious Diseases and Population Decline among Northwest Coast Indians, 1774–1874. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1999.

Galois, Robert M. “Measles, 1847–1850: The First Modern Epidemic in British Columbia.” BC Studies 109 (1996): 31-43.

Harris, Cole. “Voices of Smallpox around the Strait of Georgia.” In The Resettlement of British Columbia: Essays on Colonialism and Geographical Change, 3-30. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997.

Reservations and Unceded Lands in British Columbia

Harris, Cole. Making Native Space: Colonialism, Resistance, and Reserves in British Columbia. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002.

Harris, Douglas C. Landing Native Fisheries: Indian Reserves and Fishing Rights in British Columbia, 1849–1925. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.

Tennant, Paul. Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849–1989. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1990.

The British Columbia Treaty Process

McKee, Christopher. Treaty Talks in British Columbia: Building a New Relationship. 3rd ed. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2009.

Penikett, Tony. Reconciliation: First Nations Treaty Making in British Columbia. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 2006.

Woolford, Andrew. Between Justice and Certainty: Treaty Making in British Columbia. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005.

The Indian Residential School System

The literature on residential schools is extensive. For general studies, see:

Miller, J.R. Shingwauk’s Vision: A History of Native Residential Schools. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996.

Milloy, John S. A National Crime: The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, 1879–1986. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. “Residential Schools.” In Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, vol. 1: Looking Forward, Looking Back. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1996. http://data2.archives.ca/rcap/pdf/rcap-490.pdf.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. A Knock on the Door: The Essential History of Residential Schools. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2015.

—. They Came for the Children: Canada, Aboriginal Peoples, and Residential Schools. Winnipeg: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, 2012. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2012/cvrc-trcc/IR4-4-2012-eng.pdf.

Indian Residential Schools in British Columbia

Campbell, Peter C., and Christine Welsh. Kuper Island: Return to the Healing Circle. 1997; Victoria, BC: Gumboot Productions. DVD.

de Leeuw, Sarah. “‘If Anything Is to Be Done with the Indian, We Must Catch Him Very Young’: Colonial Constructions of Aboriginal Children and the Geographies of Indian Residential Schooling in British Columbia, Canada.” Children’s Geographies 7, 2 (2009): 123-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/14733280902798837.

—. “Intimate Colonialisms: The Material and Experienced Places of British Columbia’s Residential Schools.” The Canadian Geographer 51, 3 (2007): 339-59. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0064.2007.00183.x.

Fiske, J. “Life at Lejac.” In Sa Ts’e: Historical Perspective on Northern British Columbia, ed. Thomas Thorner, 235-72. Prince George, BC: College of New Caledonia Press, 1989.

Furniss, Elizabeth. Victims of Benevolence: The Dark Legacy of the Williams Lake Residential School. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press, 2000.

Glavin, Terry, and Former Students of St. Mary’s. Amongst God’s Own: The Enduring Legacy of St. Mary’s Mission. Vancouver: New Star Books, 2002.

Haig-Brown, Celia. Resistance and Renewal: Surviving the Indian Residential School. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1988.

Jack, Agnes, ed. Behind Closed Doors: Stories from the Kamloops Indian Residential School. Rev. ed. Penticton, BC: Theytus Books, 2006.

Raibmon, Paige. “‘A New Understanding of Things Indian’: George Raley’s Negotiation of the Residential School Experience.” BC Studies 110 (1996): 69-96.

Sellars, Bev. They Called Me Number One: Secrets and Survival at an Indian Residential School. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 2013.

Indian Residential Schools Outside British Columbia

Grant, Agnes, ed. Finding My Talk: How Fourteen Native Women Reclaimed Their Lives after Residential School. Calgary: Fifth House Books, 2004.

Jordan-Fenton, Christy, and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Fatty Legs: A True Story. Toronto: Annick Press, 2010.

—. A Stranger at Home: A True Story. Toronto: Annick Press, 2011.

Merasty, Joseph Auguste, with David Carpenter. The Education of Augie Merasty: A Residential School Memoir. New ed. Regina: University of Regina Press, 2017.

Indian Residential Schools Outside of Canada

Child, Brenda J. Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900–1940. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Jacobs, Margaret D. White Mother to a Dark Race: Settler Colonialism, Maternalism, and the Removal of Indigenous Children in the American West and Australia, 1880–1940. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

Lomawaina, K. Tsianina. They Called It Prairie Light: The Story of Chilocco Indian School. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

Indian Residential Schools and Intergenerational Trauma

Ing, N. Rosalyn. “Dealing with Shame and Unresolved Trauma: Residential School and Its Impact on the 2nd and 3rd Generation Adults.” PhD diss., University of British Columbia, 2000. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/13102.

—. “The Effects of Residential Schools on Native Child-Rearing Practices.” Canadian Journal of Native Education 18, suppl. (1991): 65-118.

Stout, Roberta, and Sheryl Peters. “kiskinohamâtôtâpânâsk: Inter-generational Effects on Professional First Nations Women Whose Mothers are Residential School Survivors.” Project #236, Prairie Women’s Health Centre of Excellence, 2011. http://www.pwhce.ca/kiskino.htm.

Tait, Caroline L. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome among Aboriginal People in Canada: Review and Analysis of the Intergenerational Links to Residential Schools. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2003. http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/fetal-alcohol-syndrome.pdf.

Indigenous Child Removal

Cardinal, Colleen. Ohpikiihaakan-ohpihmeh (Raised Somewhere Else): A 60s Scoop Adoptee’s Story of Coming Home. Winnipeg, MB, and Black Point, NS: Roseway, 2018.

Crey, Ernie, and Suzanne Fournier. Stolen from Our Embrace: The Abduction of First Nations Children and the Restoration of Aboriginal Communities. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1997.

de Leeuw, Sarah. “Tender Grounds: Intimate Visceral Violence and British Columbia’s Colonial Geographies.” Political Geography 52 (2016): 14-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2015.11.010.

Swain, Shurlee. “Enshrined in Law: Legislative Justifications for the Removal of Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children in Colonial and Post-Colonial Australia.” Australian Historical Studies 47, 2 (2016): 191-208. https://doi.org/10.1080/1031461X.2016.1153119.

Recognition, Indigenous Governance, and the Indian Act

Alfred, Taiaiake. Peace, Power, Righteousness: An Indigenous Manifesto. 2nd ed. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Coulthard, Glen Sean. Red Skins, White Masks: Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014.

Green, Joyce. “Sexual Equality and Indian Government: An Analysis of Bill C-31 Amendments to the Indian Act.” Native Studies Review 1, 2 (1985): 81-95.

Joseph, Bob. 21 Things You May Not Know about the Indian Act: Helping Canadians Make Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples a Reality. Port Coquitlam, BC: Indigenous Relations Press, 2018.

Lawrence, Bonita. Fractured Homeland: Federal Recognition and Algonquin Identity in Ontario. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012.

—. “Real” Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native Peoples and Indigenous Nationhood. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004.

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. “The Indian Act.” In Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, vol. 1: Looking Forward, Looking Back. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1996. http://data2.archives.ca/rcap/pdf/rcap-490.pdf.

Sayers, Judith F., Kelly A. MacDonald, Jo-Anne Fiske, Melonie Newell, Evelyn George, and Wendy Cornet. First Nations Women, Governance and the Indian Act: A Collection of Policy Research Reports. Ottawa: Status of Women Canada, 2001. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/SW21-85-2001E.pdf.

Walls, Margaret Elizabeth. No Need of a Chief for this Band: The Maritime Mi’kmaq and Federal Electoral Legislation, 1899–1951. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010.

Liquor Regulation in British Columbia

Campbell, Robert A. “A ‘Fantastic Rigmarole’: Deregulating Aboriginal Drinking in British Columbia, 1945–62.” BC Studies 141 (2004): 81-104.

—. “Ladies and Escorts: Gender Segregation and Public Policy in British Columbia Beer Parlours, 1925–1945.” BC Studies 105/106 (1995): 119-38.

—. “Making Sober Citizens: The Legacy of Indigenous Alcohol Regulation in Canada, 1777–1985.” Journal of Canadian Studies 42, 1 (2008): 105-26. https://doi.org/10.3138/jcs.42.1.105.

—. “Managing the Marginal: Regulating and Negotiating Decency in Vancouver’s Beer Parlours, 1925–1954.” Labour/Le Travail 44 (1999): 109-27.

Schlase, Megan. “Liquor and the Indian: Post WWII.” British Columbia Historical News 29, 2 (1996): 26-29.

Trading and Work in the Wage Economy

Knight, Rolf. Indians at Work: An Informal History of Native Labour in British Columbia, 1848–1930. 2nd ed. Vancouver: New Star Books, 1996. First published 1978.

Lutz, John Sutton. Makúk: A New History of Aboriginal-White Relations. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.

McCallum, Mary Jane Logan. Indigenous Women, Work, and History: 1940–1980. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2013.

Muszynski, Alicja. Cheap Wage Labour: Race and Gender in the Fisheries of British Columbia. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1996.

Raibmon, Paige. Authentic Indians: Episodes of Encounter from the Late-Nineteenth-Century Northwest Coast. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005.

Williams, Carol. “Between Doorstep Barter Economy and Industrial Wages: Mobility and Adaptability of Coast Salish Female Laborers in Coastal British Columbia, 1858–1890.” In Native Being, Being Native: Identity and Difference: Proceedings of the Fifth Native American Symposium, ed. Mark Spencer and Lucretia Scoufos, 16-27. Durant: Southeastern Oklahoma State University, 2005.

—, ed. Indigenous Women and Work: From Labor to Activism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012.

The Colonial Economy

Fisheries in British Columbia

Hakai Network for Coastal People, Ecosystems and Management. “The Herring School.” https://herringschool.wordpress.com/about/.

Harris, Douglas C. Fish, Law, and Colonialism: The Legal Capture of Salmon in British Columbia. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001.

—. Landing Native Fisheries: Indian Reserves and Fishing Rights in British Columbia, 1849–1925. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.

Newell, Dianne. Tangled Webs of History: Indians and the Law in Canada’s Pacific Coast Fisheries. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.

Schreiber, Dorothee. “First Nations, Consultation, and the Rule of Law: Salmon Farming and Colonialism in British Columbia.” American Indian Culture and Research Journal 30, 4 (2006): 19-40. https://doi.org/10.17953/aicr.30.4.t1h10246861230w6.

—. “‘A Liberal and Paternal Spirit’: Indian Agents and Native Fisheries in Canada.” Ethnohistory 55, 1 (2008): 87-118. https://doi.org/10.1215/00141801-2007-047.

—. “‘They Had a Deep Respect for the Earth’: Teaching Ethnoecology in the Settler-Canadian Classroom.” New Proposals 3, 3 (2010): 32-40.

Stewart, Hilary. Indian Fishing: Early Methods on the Northwest Coast. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1996. First published 1977.

Williams, Judith. Clam Gardens: Aboriginal Mariculture on Canada’s West Coast. Vancouver: New Star Books/Transmontanus, 2006.

Wiseman, Clare L.S., and Frank A.P.C. Gobas. “Balancing Risks in the Management of Contaminated First Nations Fisheries.” International Journal of Environmental Health Research 12, 4 (2002): 331-42. https://doi.org/10.1080/0960312021000056438.

Forestry in British Columbia

Collier, Russell, and Tom Hobby. “It’s All about Relationships: First Nations and Non-timber Resource Management in British Columbia.” BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management 11, 1/2 (2010): 1-8.

Felt, Margaret Elley. Gyppo Logger. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002.

Pennier, Henry. Call Me Hank: A Stó:lõ Man’s Reflections on Logging, Living, and Growing Old. 2nd ed. Edited by Keith Thor Carlson and Kristina Fagan. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. First published 1972.

Rajala, Richard A. Clearcutting the Pacific Rain Forest: Production, Science, and Regulation. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1999.

Logging’s Impact on Salmon Streams in British Columbia

Rajala, Richard A. “Forests and Fish: The 1972 Coast Logging Guidelines and British Columbia’s First NDP Government.” BC Studies 159 (2008): 81-120.

—. “‘Streams Being Ruined from a Salmon Producing Standpoint’: Clearcutting, Fish Habitat, and Forest Regulation in British Columbia, 1900–45.” BC Studies 176 (2012/13): 93-132.

Water, Oil, and Indigenous Resistance

Cox, Sarah. Breaching the Peace: The Site C Dam and a Valley’s Stand against Big Hydro. Vancouver: On Point Press, 2018.

Estes, Nick. Our History Is the Future: Standing Rock Versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the Long Tradition of Indigenous Resistance. London: Verso, 2019.

LaDuke, Winona. The Winona LaDuke Chronicles: Stories from the Front Lines in the Battle for Environmental Justice. Black Point, NS: Fernwood; Ponsford, MN: Spotted Horse Press, 2016.

Perry, Adele. Aqueduct: Colonialism, Resources, and the Histories We Remember. Winnipeg: ARP Press, 2016.

Early Chinese-Indigenous Relations in British Columbia

Barman, Jean. “Beyond Chinatown: Chinese Men and Indigenous Women in Early British Columbia.” BC Studies 177 (2013): 39-64.

Mawani, Renisa. “The Racial Impurities of Global Capitalism: The Politics of Labour, Interaciality, and Lawlessness in Salmon Canneries.” In Colonial Proximities: Crossracial Encounters and Juridical Truths in British Columbia, 1871–1921, 35-76. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2009.

Japanese-Canadian Internment and Its Legacies

Oikawa, Mona. Cartographies of Violence: Japanese Canadian Women, Memory, and the Subjects of the Internment. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012.

Roy, Patricia E. The Triumph of Citizenship: The Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941–67. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2007.

 

Community

Indigenous Women’s History

The historical literature on Indigenous women is diverse in subject matter and methodology. The following collections of essays offer just a sample.

Anderson, Kim, and Bonita Lawrence, eds. Strong Women Stories: Native Vision and Community Survival. Toronto: Sumach Press, 2003.

Carter, Sarah, and Patricia A. McCormack, eds. Recollecting: Lives of Aboriginal Women of the Canadian Northwest and Borderlands. Edmonton: Athabasca University Press, 2011.

Kelm, Mary-Ellen, and Lorna Townsend, eds. In the Days of Our Grandmothers: A Reader in Aboriginal Women’s History in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006.

Krouse, Susan Applegate, and Heather A. Howard, eds. Keeping the Campfires Going: Native Women’s Activism in Urban Communities. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

Mihesuah, Devon Abbott. Indigenous American Women: Decolonization, Empowerment, Activism. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003.

Miller, Christine, and Patricia Chuchryk, eds. Women of the First Nations: Power, Wisdom, and Strength. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1996.

Monture, Patricia A., and Patricia D. McGuire, eds. First Voices: An Aboriginal Women’s Reader. Toronto: Inanna, 2009.

Perdue, Theda, ed. Sifters: Native American Women’s Lives. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Pickles, Katie, and Myra Rutherdale, eds. Contact Zones: Aboriginal and Settler Women in Canada’s Colonial Past. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005.

Valaskakis, Gail Guthrie, Madeleine Dion Stout, and Eric Guimond, eds. Restoring the Balance: First Nations Women, Community, and Culture. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2009.

Williams, Carol, ed. Indigenous Women and Work: From Labor to Activism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012.

Indigenous Women and Feminism

Brownlie, Robin Jarvis, and Valerie J. Korinek, eds. Finding a Way to the Heart: Feminist Writings on Aboriginal and Women’s History in Canada. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2012.

Burman, Jenny. “Multicultural Feeling, Feminist Rage, Indigenous Refusal.” Cultural Studies ↔ Critical Methodologies 16, 4 (2016): 361-72. https://doi.org/10.1177/1532708616638693.

Green, Joyce, ed. Making Space for Indigenous Feminism. Black Point, NS: Fernwood, 2007.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. Talkin’ Up to the White Woman: Indigenous Women and White Feminism. St. Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press, 2000.

Nickel, Sarah A. “‘I Am Not a Women’s Libber Although Sometimes I Sound Like One’: Indigenous Feminism and Politicized Motherhood.” American Indian Quarterly 41, 4 (2017): 299-335.

Ouellette, Grace. The Fourth World: An Indigenous Perspective on Feminism and Aboriginal Women’s Activism. Black Point, NS: Fernwood Publishing, 2002.

Suzack, Cheryl, Shari M. Huhndorf, Jeanne Perreault, and Jean Barman, eds. Indigenous Women and Feminism: Politics, Activism, Culture. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010.

Indigenous Women and Community Leadership

Anderson, Kim. “Leading by Action: Female Chiefs and the Political Landscape.” In Restoring the Balance: First Nations Women, Community, and Culture, ed. Gail Guthrie Valaskakis, Madeleine Dion Stout, and Eric Guimond, 99-123. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2009.

Castellano, Marlene Brant. “Heart of the Nations: Women’s Contribution to Community Healing.” In Restoring the Balance: First Nations Women, Community, and Culture, ed. Gail Guthrie Valaskakis, Madeleine Dion Stout, and Eric Guimond, 203-35. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2009.

Johnston, Kay. The Amazing Mazie Baker: The Squamish Nation’s Warrior Elder. Halfmoon Bay, BC: Caitlin Press, 2016.

Kenny, Carolyn, and Tina Ngaroimata Fraser, eds. Living Indigenous Leadership: Native Narratives on Building Strong Communities. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012.

Kirkness, Verna J. Creating Space: My Life and Work in Indigenous Education. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2013.

Little Thunder, Beverly, as told to Sharron Proulx-Turner. One Bead at a Time: A Memoir. Toronto: Inanna, 2016.

Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake, ed. Lighting the Eighth Fire: The Liberation, Resurgence, and Protection of Indigenous Nations. Winnipeg: ARP, 2008.

Tsosie, Rebecca. “Native Women and Leadership: An Ethics of Culture and Relationship.” In Indigenous Women and Feminism: Politics, Activism, Culture, ed. Cheryl Suzack, Shari M. Huhndorf, Jeanne Perreault, and Jean Barman, 29-42. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010.

Voyageur, Cora. Firekeepers of the Twenty-First Century: First Nations Women Chiefs. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2008.

Non-Indigenous Perspectives on Social Work in Coastal British Columbia

Gibson, John Frederic. A Small and Charming World. Smithers, BC: Creekstone Press, 2001. First published 1972.

Sport and Recreation

Downey, Allan. The Creator’s Game: Lacrosse, Identity, and Indigenous Nationhood. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2018.

Neylan, Susan, with Melissa Meyer. “‘Here Comes the Band!’: Cultural Collaboration, Connective Traditions, and Aboriginal Brass Bands on British Columbia’s North Coast, 1875–1964.” BC Studies 152 (2006–07): 35-66.

 

Wellness

Indigenous Medical Knowledge

Deur, Douglas, and Nancy J. Turner, eds. Keeping It Living: Traditions of Plant Use and Cultivation on the Northwest Coast of North America. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2005.

Gonzales, Patrisia. Red Medicine: Traditional Indigenous Rites of Birthing and Healing. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2012.

Kimmerer, Robin Wall. Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge, and the Teachings of Plants. Minneapolis: Milkweed, 2013.

Suttles, Wayne. “The Early Diffusion of the Potato among the Coast Salish.” In Coast Salish Essays. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 1987.

Turner, Nancy J. Food Plants of Coastal First Peoples. Vancouver: UBC Press in collaboration with the Royal British Columbia Museum, 1995.

Turner, Nancy J., and Dana Lepofsky, eds. “Ethnobotany of British Columbia: Plants and People in a Changing World,” special issue, BC Studies 179 (2013).

Indigenous Health and Canadian Colonialism

Drees, Laurie Meijer. Healing Stories: Stories from Canada’s Indian Hospitals. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2012.

Episkenew, Jo-Ann. Taking Back Our Spirits: Indigenous Literature, Public Policy, and Healing. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2009.

Geddes, Gary. Medicine Unbundled: A Journey through the Minefields of Indigenous Health Care. Vancouver: Heritage House, 2017.

Kelm, Mary-Ellen. Colonizing Bodies: Aboriginal Health and Healing in British Columbia, 1900–50. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1999.

Lux, Maureen K. Separate Beds: A History of Hospitals in Canada, 1920s–1980s. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016.

McCallum, Mary Jane Logan, and Adele Perry. Structures of Indifference: An Indigenous Life and Death in a Canadian City. Winnipeg: University of Winnipeg Press, 2018.

O’Brien, Suzanne Crawford. Coming Full Circle: Spirituality and Wellness among Native Communities in the Pacific Northwest. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2013.

Indigenous Health, Healing, and Reconciliation

Castellano, Marlene Brant, Linda Archibald, and Mike DeGagné. From Truth to Reconciliation: Transforming the Legacy of Residential Schools. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2008. http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/from-truth-to-reconciliation-transforming-the-legacy-of-residential-schools.pdf.

Chansonneuve, Deborah. Reclaiming Connections: Understanding Residential School Trauma among Aboriginal People. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2005. http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/healing-trauma-web-eng.pdf.

Henderson, Jennifer, and Pauline Wakeham, eds. Reconciling Canada: Critical Perspectives on the Culture of Redress. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013.

Kirmayer, Laurence J., and Gail Guthrie Valaskakis, eds. Healing Traditions: The Mental Health of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2009.

Lock, Ruth Scalp, with Jim Pritchard. My Name Is Shield Woman: A Hard Road to Healing, Vision, and Leadership. 2nd ed. Alberta: Daytime Moon, 2014.

Million, Dian. Therapeutic Nations: Healing in an Age of Indigenous Human Rights. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 2014.

Reimer, Gwen, with Amy Bombay, Lena Ellsworth, Sara Fryer, and Tricia Logan. The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement’s Common Experience Payment and Healing: A Qualitative Study Exploring Impacts on Recipients. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2010. http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/cep-2010-healing.pdf.

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, vol. 3: Gathering Strength. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1996. http://data2.archives.ca/rcap/pdf/rcap-492.pdf.

Stout, Madeleine Dion, and Gregory Kipling. Aboriginal People, Resilience and the Residential School Legacy. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2003. http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/resilience.pdf.

Stout, Madeleine Dion, and Rick Harp. Lump Sum Compensation Payments Research Project: The Circle Rechecks Itself. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2007. http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/newest-lsp.pdf.

Waldram, James B., ed. Aboriginal Healing in Canada: Studies in Therapeutic Meaning and Practice. Ottawa: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2008. http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/aboriginal-healing-in-canada.pdf.

Culturally Specific Systems of Justice

LaRoque, Emma. “Re-examining Culturally Appropriate Models in Criminal Justice Applications.” In Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equality, and Respect for Difference, ed. Michael Asch, 75-96. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997.

Miller, Bruce G. The Problem of Justice: Tradition and Law in the Coast Salish World. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001.

Milward, David. Aboriginal Justice and the Charter: Realizing a Culturally Sensitive Interpretation of Legal Rights. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2012.

Monture-Angus, Patricia. Thunder in My Soul: A Mohawk Woman Speaks. Black Point, NS: Fernwood, 2003.

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